The medical science has been divided into many sub-divisions making it easy to concentrate extensively on the different parts and systems of the body. Nephrology is the field of medicine which deals with diagnosing and treating problems of the kidney.
Nephrology is that part of medical science which is occupied by the diagnosis and possible treatments of the disorders that feature in the kidneys. In fact, it is considered as a subspecialty in the field of internal medicine.
Nephrologists spends many years training and specializing in the functionality of these complex organs and the syndromes that might trouble it. Over the extensive years, he is trained to manage kidney problems through regulating blood pressure, electrolytes and the fluids in the body.
The kidneys are indeed two of the most vital organs of our body. These organs are responsible for many of the significant regulatory tasks that need to be performed in the body. One of these tasks is the removal of wastes from the blood, which are then directed towards the urinary bladder to be flushed out of the body in the form of urine. But there are several other tasks just as important as the tasks that are given to the kidneys.
These also perform, what is known as, the homeostatic functions. One of these functions is to regulate the level of electrolytes in the body. Homeostatic functions also include maintaining and regulating the balance between acid and base and that of the blood pressure. The blood pressure is controlled by keeping the levels of salt and water in check.
Amazingly, the kidneys also need to perform the task of reabsorbing the glucose and amino acids that are left wandering in the blood stream. There are a group of hormones that are produced in the kidney. After briefly understanding the various functions that the kidneys perform, you can properly grasp that there are many things that cannot go wrong if a healthy lifestyle is not maintained.
Therefore, in the study of Nephrology, an individual studies the different disorders of the kidneys that could result due to an electrolyte imbalance or any other malfunction of the kidney. Some of the common disorders of the kidneys include acute renal failure, kidney stones, hematuria, chronic kidney disease, hypertension and an imbalance in the acid/base content.
When a nephrologist has successfully completed all levels of exams in Nephrology and has been approved by the board, he can then carry out many of the vital procedures needed to treat these disturbances of the kidneys. These treatment procedures include renal transplant, dialysis and renal replacement therapy. These procedures are only undertaken to tackle chronic problems. Other therapeutic measures that are taken to treat kidney diseases are steroid medication, administration of Disease-Modifying Antirheumatic drugs and anti-hypertensives.