Today Allergies are considered one of the leading causes of chronic diseases. An allergy term originated from the Greek words allos meaning other and ergon meaning work. Clemens von Pirquet who is a Viennese pediatrician observed that his patients were extremely sensitive to various substances, such as dust and pollen and certain foods. Allergy is reaction immune system to safe our body from danger or harm from foreign substance.
Now a days several people suffer from allergies from different sources of substances and foods. There are different types to identify these symptoms, earlier doctors believed a malfunction causes it and the antibodies are called as immunology. However, depth studies and research on allergy showed that various disease mechanism affect on these.
There are different categories of allergies, having certain symptoms including medications (local anesthetics, sulfonamides penicillin, salicylates) plant pollens (ragweed, such as birch trees, rye grass and timothy grass) latex products and foods (wheat, corn, peas, soybeans, beans and other legumes nuts, seafood, egg whites, sesame, soy, milk,) mold spores, insect stings (bee venom, wasp sting) animal allergens (dander, animal hair) dust mite, cockroach calyx etc.
Treatment and Diagnosis of Allergy
Determination and proper diagnosis can be a very difficult process of allergies. Due to this reason, doctors use several methods in assessing allergens. The doctor performs all kinds of allergy tests and first laboratory exam is that skin test.
In this test small amounts of the allergens (drops of milk, nut extracts, pollen, dander, etc) or suspected causes are applied to the patient’s skin. When a patient gets experience such as itching, reddening or swelling, within an hour after application, patient is truly allergic to the particular product. The patient should keep away from these foods or substances as much as possible.
Accurate diagnosis and treatment are very important because some allergies are dangerous and may cause to death of patient. Skin test is the most commonly preferred method in spotting the causes of allergy symptoms; it still has some drawbacks also. While most people experience swelling or itching immediately after direct contact of a product, other people may display these symptoms several hours or even days after the skin test.
The best curative process of allergies is removal substance food source from your home, office and other areas in which contact with the harmful allergens is likely. They are only used in reducing inflammation, rashes, and other allergy symptoms.